Syllabus of History of USA for CSS
PAPER: HISTORY OF USA (100 MARKS)
US history syllabus CSS
- From ancient times to 1492: Advent of the Europeans to British supremacy (1492-1606)
II. USA as a British Colony (1606-1783)
III. USA as an Independent Country (1783-1819)
IV. Expansion of USA: From 13 to 50 States (1820-1949)
V. Constitution of the USA: Salient Features
VI. Civil War between the North and the South (1850-1869)
VII. Industrialization and Emergence as a World Power (1870-1916)
VIII. USA’s Role in the Two World Wars (1914-1918) – (1939-1945)
IX. Emergence of USA and USSR as World Powers (Post 1945 world scenario)
X. American Role in Patronizing UNO and International Organizations (1945-2012)
XI. American Role in the Cold War and Emergence as Sole Superpower(1945-1990)
XII. International Concerns of USA: An Overview
XIII. The War on Terror and the Role of Pakistan and USA (2001-2012)
XIV. Global Perceptions of the USA
XV. Progressive Era: Reforms of Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson
XVI. The Great Depression and the New Deal
XVII. Civil Rights Movement
XVIII. United States Role in International Conflicts
XIX. US Presidential Election
XX. US Congress and its Mandate
XXI. Separation of Powers and Check & Balances
Here’s your suggested readings list for “USA history CSS syllabus” with the format updated:
- The Ideological Origins of the American Revolution by Bernard Bailyn (1992)
- A Pocket History of the United States by H. Commager and Allan Nevins (1967)
- Painless American History by Curt Lader (2009)
- The Politically Incorrect Guide to American History by Thomas Woods Jr. (2004)
- The Civil War: A Narrative by Shelby Foote (1986)
- The American Political Tradition and the Men Who Made it by Richard Hofstadter (1948)
- US-South Asian Relations 1784 – 1940: A History Perspective edited by Iftikhar H. Malik (2006)
- The Tragedy of Great Power Politics by John Mearsheimer (2001)
- Enlightenment Revolution and the Birth of Modern Nation by Craig Nelson and Thomas Paine (2006)
- The USA: 1917 – 1980 by Nigel Smith (2006)
- American Colonies: The Selling of North America by Alan Taylor (2002)
- White Over Black: American Attitudes Toward the Negro 1550 – 1812 by Winthrop D. Jordan
- The Complete Book of U.S. Presidents by William A. De Gregorio (2005)
- A People’s History of the United States: 1492 to Present by Howard Zinn (1980)
Syllabus of History of USA for CSS pdf download
Discovering America: A Guide to the Syllabus of History of USA for CSS
The history of the United States is a subject of great interest and significance, not only to the people of the US, but to the entire world. For those pursuing CSS (Civil Service of Pakistan), the syllabus of history of USA is a crucial component of their curriculum. This comprehensive guide will outline the key events and milestones in the history of the USA, from its early days as a British colony to its emergence as a world superpower in the 20th century.
From ancient times to 1492, the advent of Europeans to British supremacy, and the country’s role as a British colony from 1606 to 1783, this guide will cover the key events and developments that have shaped the nation’s history. The guide will also explore the country’s transition to independence, the expansion of the USA from 13 to 50 states, the Constitution of the USA, the Civil War between the North and South, industrialization, the country’s role in the two World Wars, and its emergence as a sole super power after the end of the Cold War.
This guide will also examine the American role in patronizing the United Nations and other international organizations, its international concerns, its role in the War on Terror, and global perceptions of the US. Additionally, it will cover the Progressive Era, the Great Depression, the New Deal, the Civil Rights Movement, the US Presidential Election, the US Congress, and the separation of powers and checks and balances.
The syllabus of history of USA for CSS is an exciting and enlightening journey through the country’s rich and complex history, and this guide will provide a comprehensive and accessible overview of this important subject.
USA as a British Colony (1606-1783)
Discover the Roots of American Independence
Once a British colony, the early years of the United States set the stage for the American Revolution and the creation of a new nation.
Explore the Establishment of British Colonies
The first British colonies, including Virginia, Massachusetts, and Maryland, were established and trade and commerce flourished. Despite this progress, tensions between the colonies and Britain began to rise.
Unleash the Spark of Rebellion
By the mid-18th century, the spark of rebellion was in the air as the colonies chafed under British rule. The stage was set for a revolution that would change the course of history and shape the nation we know today.
USA as an Independent Country (1783-1819)
Independence Day fireworks, patriotic songs, and hot dogs – the 4th of July is a time to celebrate the birth of the United States of America. The American Revolution saw the colonies break away from British rule and establish themselves as a new nation. The hard-fought battle for freedom culminated in the signing of the Treaty of Paris in 1783, officially recognizing the United States of America as an independent country.
The adoption of the Constitution in 1787 marked a new era for the young nation, setting the framework for the government and outlining the rights and freedoms of its citizens. The early years of independence were marked by rapid growth, with the Louisiana Purchase in 1803 and the Louisiana War in 1812 marking significant milestones in the country’s expansion.
So raise a glass, light up the grill, and celebrate the birth of a nation built on the principles of freedom and independence. The United States of America has come a long way since its early days, but the spirit of 1776 still lives on.
Expansion of USA: From 13 to 50 States (1820-1949)
The 19th century was a time of tremendous growth and expansion for the United States. During this time, the country underwent a transformation, both physically and economically.
From 1820 to 1949, the number of states in the USA grew from a mere 13 to an impressive 50. This period saw the addition of iconic states such as Texas and California, as well as numerous other territories.
But it wasn’t just the size of the country that was growing. The 19th century also saw the rise of industry and the growth of the middle class. This, in turn, helped to establish the USA as a major player on the world stage.
In short, the expansion of the USA from 13 to 50 states was a period of incredible progress and growth. It set the stage for the country’s continued development and helped establish it as one of the world’s leading nations.
Constitution of the USA:
Discover the Cornerstone of American Governance
The Constitution of the USA is a landmark document that has shaped the nation’s history. It outlines the structure of government, outlines citizens’ rights and responsibilities, and serves as the cornerstone of American governance.
Separation of Powers and Checks and Balances
One of the most remarkable features of the Constitution is its clear separation of powers between the three branches of government: the legislative, executive, and judicial. This system is designed to prevent any one branch from having too much power and helps ensure that the government operates fairly and effectively. The checks and balances system allows each branch to keep the others in check, ensuring that no one branch becomes too powerful.
Bill of Rights: Protecting Citizen’s Liberties
The Constitution also includes the Bill of Rights, which is a list of ten amendments that were added soon after the original document was written. These amendments were designed to protect citizens’ liberties and guarantee their rights. The Bill of Rights ensures that every American has the freedom of speech, religion, and the press, among other rights.
A Living Document
The Constitution has been amended several times over the years, reflecting the changing needs and values of the American people. Despite its age, the Constitution remains a living document that continues to play a vital role in the governance of the nation.
This brief overview of the Constitution of the USA only scratches the surface of this important document. It is a must-read for anyone interested in understanding the foundations of the American government and the rights and freedoms that define the country.
Civil War between the North and the South (1850-1869)
Picture a nation divided, torn apart by conflicting ideas and beliefs. The year is 1850 and tensions are high as the question of slavery and state sovereignty comes to a boiling point. The American Civil War had begun.
For four long years, the North and South engaged in a brutal and bloody conflict that would change the course of history forever. This was no ordinary war, it was a battle for the soul of the nation. The North fought for freedom and unity, while the South fought to preserve their way of life.
In the end, the North emerged victorious and slavery was abolished. The Civil War marked a turning point in American history, paving the way for progress and unity. This defining moment will forever be remembered as a testament to the strength and resilience of the American spirit.
Industrialization and its emergence as one of the world powers (1870-1916)
The late 19th and early 20th centuries were a transformative time for the United States. The country underwent a rapid industrialization that solidified its place as one of the world’s leading powers. With the growth of industry and commerce, the rise of the middle class was inevitable.
This era was not just about economic growth, however. It was also marked by major social and political changes. The Progressive Era was a time of significant reform, as activists sought to address pressing social and political issues. The rise of the labor movement brought workers together to demand fair treatment and better working conditions.
In short, the industrialization of the late 19th and early 20th centuries was a crucial turning point in American history. It set the stage for the country’s continued prosperity and global leadership in the years to come.
USA’s role in the Two World Wars (i. 1914 – 1918, ii. 1939 – 1945)
The USA played a major role in both World Wars, and its involvement in these conflicts had a significant impact on the nation’s history. The country entered World War I in 1917 and played a crucial role in the Allied victory. In World War II, the USA joined the Allies in 1941 and played a critical role in the defeat of the Axis powers.
Post-1945 World Scenario and Emergence of USA and USSR as the Two World Powers:
The end of World War II marked the emergence of two superpowers: the United States of America and the Soviet Union. Both countries were now nuclear powers and were in competition for global influence. The two nations had differing ideologies, with the US being democratic and the USSR being communist. This division of ideology led to the Cold War, which lasted from 1945 to 1991.
The US and USSR engaged in proxy wars, espionage, and arms buildup. The world was now divided into two spheres of influence, with the US and its allies in the west and the USSR and its allies in the east.
American Role in Patronizing UNO and International Organizations 1945 – 2012:
The US played an active role in the establishment of the United Nations (UN) in 1945 and continued to play an influential role in its functioning. The US was a major contributor to the UN and its various peacekeeping missions and humanitarian efforts.
The US also played a key role in other international organizations, including the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the World Bank, and NATO. The US used these organizations to promote its foreign policy objectives and to maintain its status as a superpower.
American Role in the Cold War and its Emergence as the Sole Superpower (1945-1990):
The US and USSR were locked in a struggle for global dominance during the Cold War. The US was determined to contain the spread of communism and to promote democracy worldwide. The US adopted a policy of containment, which involved using military and economic means to limit the influence of the USSR.
The US also engaged in proxy wars in various parts of the world, including Vietnam, to counter the spread of communism. The collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 marked the end of the Cold War and the emergence of the US as the sole superpower.
International Concerns of the USA: An Overview:
The US has a wide range of international concerns, including the spread of nuclear weapons, terrorism, human rights abuses, and economic competition. The US seeks to promote its values and interests globally, and it often uses its military, economic, and diplomatic power to achieve these goals.
The US has a significant military presence in various parts of the world and it is involved in a number of ongoing conflicts. The US is also actively involved in addressing global environmental and health issues, including climate change and the spread of infectious diseases.
The War on Terror and the Role of Pakistan and the USA (2001-2012):
The events of September 11, 2001 marked a turning point in US foreign policy. The US declared a “War on Terror” and launched military operations in Afghanistan to dismantle the Taliban regime and destroy Al-Qaeda. The US also invaded Iraq in 2003, claiming that the Iraqi government was developing weapons of mass destruction.
The US-led wars in Afghanistan and Iraq had far-reaching consequences for the region and for US foreign policy. The US also had a complex relationship with Pakistan, which was seen as a key ally in the War on Terror but was also criticized for harboring terrorist groups.
Global Perceptions of the USA:
The US is one of the most powerful and influential countries in the world, and its actions and policies have a significant impact on global affairs. The US is viewed differently by different countries and regions, with some seeing it as a symbol of freedom and democracy, while others view it as a symbol of imperialism and hegemony.
The US is also a major player in the global economy and its policies can have a significant impact on the financial markets. The US is both respected and criticized for its role in global affairs, and its actions are often closely watched by the international community.
Progressive Era: Reforms of Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson:
The Progressive Era was a period of political, economic, and social reform in the US that took place from the late 19th century to the early 20th century. The reforms were led by Presidents Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson and aimed to address the growing social and economic problems of the time, including child labor, urbanization, and the increasing concentration of wealth. The reforms included a number of important measures, including the creation of the Federal Reserve, the establishment of the National Park Service, and the passing of the 19th Amendment, which gave women the right to vote.
The Great Depression and the New Deal:
The Great Depression was a period of severe economic hardship in the US that lasted from 1929 to 1939. The depression was caused by a number of factors, including the collapse of the stock market, the decline of the agricultural sector, and the decline in international trade. The New Deal was a series of reforms and programs introduced by President Franklin D. Roosevelt to address the economic crisis and to provide relief, recovery, and reform to the American people. The New Deal included a number of important measures, including the creation of Social Security, the establishment of the Securities and Exchange Commission, and the passing of the Fair Labor Standards Act.
Civil Rights Movement:
The Civil Rights Movement was a social and political movement in the US that sought to end racial segregation and discrimination. The movement was led by a number of influential figures, including Martin Luther King Jr., and it sought to end the institutionalized discrimination and segregation that existed in many parts of the country. The movement was successful in securing a number of important reforms, including the passing of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965, which provided equal rights and protections to African Americans.
United States Role in International Conflicts
The United States has played a major role in international conflicts, often taking the lead in military interventions around the world. After World War II, the US emerged as a superpower and became involved in conflicts ranging from the Korean War to the Vietnam War, as well as the Gulf War and the war in Afghanistan. More recently, the US has been involved in the fight against terrorism in Iraq and Afghanistan, as well as other parts of the Middle East. The US has also been involved in various peacekeeping missions, such as those in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Somalia, and Haiti. Despite the controversies that often surround US involvement in these conflicts, the country has often been seen as a force for stability and security in the world.
US Presidential Election
The US presidential election is one of the most closely watched political events in the world, taking place every four years. The election is a two-party race between the Democratic and Republican candidates, with the winner being determined by the electoral college. The election process is a long and complex one, involving primaries, caucuses, and conventions, and is widely seen as a measure of the public’s support for the incumbent president and his policies. The outcome of the election has far-reaching consequences, both domestically and internationally, and is a major factor in shaping the future of the country.
US Congress and its Mandate
The US Congress is the legislative branch of the federal government and is responsible for making the country’s laws. The Congress is made up of two houses: the Senate and the House of Representatives. The Senate is composed of two senators from each state, while the House of Representatives is made up of members from districts that are apportioned based on population. The Congress is responsible for representing the interests of the American people, passing laws, and overseeing the administration of the government. The role of Congress is critical in ensuring that the government operates in a transparent and accountable manner, and that the rights and freedoms of American citizens are protected.
Separation of Powers and Check & Balances
The US system of government is based on the principles of separation of powers and checks and balances. This means that the three branches of government – the legislative, executive, and judicial – are separate and have distinct powers and responsibilities. The separation of powers ensures that no one branch of government becomes too powerful, and the system of checks and balances ensures that each branch can exercise a certain degree of control over the other branches. This system of government helps to protect the rights and freedoms of American citizens, and ensures that the government operates in a transparent and accountable manner.
Videos You Should Watch
How to score high in US History? Explained by a mentor Umer Hayat
History of USA | CSS | History of USA syllabus | Past Papers | Umar Hayat Chatha
The history of the United States is rich and complex, encompassing centuries of political, economic, and social change. From its early days as a British colony, to its role as a world superpower in the 20th century, the US has played a major role in shaping the course of world history. The country’s political system, with its separation of powers and checks and balances, has helped to ensure stability and security, and has been a model for other nations to follow. As the US continues to navigate a rapidly changing world, its history and political institutions will remain central to its identity and role in the international community.